Justitiële verkenningen, 2017, nr. 6 - Intelligence and crime
This issue of Justitiële verkenningen is dedicated to the relationship between intelligence and criminal an/or antisocial behaviour. In criminology low intelligence is generally seen as a risk factor for a criminal course of life, because it often coincides with impulsivity, an inability to postpone the fulfillment of needs and being easily influenced. The low IQ levels of a big portion of prison detainees seem to confirm this view. Recently professionals working in the prison system, in rehabilitation, in the police and in crime prevention programs have come to realise that a special approach is needed for individuals with a mild to borderline intellectual disability (MBID). Interventions like treatment or punishment should be tailored to the needs and capabilities of MBID offenders in order to diminish the risk of recidivism. Also police officers should be able to recognize a suspect or a witness with MBID, because this group is extremely sensitive to suggestibility, compliance and acquiescence, which increases the risk of false confessions and testimonies. The concept of intelligence, the various types of MBID that can be distinguished and how to deal with this group inside the justice system are reflected on in several articles in this issue.