Victims, offenders, damage and measures


Stalking - the incessant bothering of a person by constantly following, watching, calling and/or sending letters to him or her - is a form of unwanted behaviour that has received little attention until recently. To support the policy on combating stalking and to offer victims of stalking sufficient protection, the Research and Documentation Centre (WODC) carried out this literature survey. It examines the scope of the problem, the victims and offenders, the damage suffered by the victims and the measures that can be taken against stalking. The literature survey first looks at the growing attention over the last few years for stalking and the different definitions for this phenomenon. Based on the data on the number of victims, it then looks at the scope of the problem. It also deals with the question of whether persons demonstrating certain social-demographic characteristics have a greater chance of becoming victims of stalking themselves, or of stalking others. Based on the relationships that may arise between stalker and victim, stalkers are classed into different categories. Information is then given about the motives and the behaviour of stalkers. Attention is also paid to the physical, psychological and material damage suffered by the victims of stalkers. Finally, a number of measures to combat stalking are discussed and a few comments are given on the possible effect of some of these measures. The literature survey ends with a number of recommendations and a discussion.

Publication data

Baas, N.J.
Place of publication:
The Hague
Year of publication:
Onderzoeksnotities 1998/01
Ra 11.636