Victims of crime by intimates, acquaintances or strangers

Criminology and victimology / Victimology

Victims of crime by intimates, acquaintances or strangers

Differences in the contexts, experiences and needs of the judicial system (full text only available in Dutch)


A substantial part of all crime is committed by people who are not strangers to the victims. These suspects or offenders can be intimates, such as (ex-) partners, family members and former friends, but also colleagues, vague acquaintances, clients, neighbours, etc. The central question in this study was: "in what respects do the experiences of victims of crime differ according to the various degrees of familiarity with the offenders, and what are the consequences for these victims’ needs when they seek a judicial response? This was investigated through an extensive literature review and a secondary analysis of an existing dataset of 494 Dutch crime victims whose cases were tried by the Public Prosecution Service. The data included both male and female victims of crimes in different victim-offender relationships. They were victims of violence, property crimes and vandalism/public-order crimes. Prior research in this area almost solely involved victims of violent crimes and was usually limited to female victims. The existing knowledge of the effect of victim-offender relationships on the victims' needs when seeking a response by the legal system could be expanded through this study.

Publication data

Boom, A. ten
WODC, Tilburg University
Annemarie ten Boom
Year of publication:

Order information

Annemarie ten Boom