Armed forces and domestic law enforcement
(full text only available in Dutch)
- Place of publication:
- The Hague
- Boom Juridisch
- Year of publication:
- Justitiële verkenningen 2018/03
This special issue is about the role of the armed forces in domestic law enforcement. Internal and external security are nowadays interwoven in a variety of ways and to an increasing extent. Consider, for example, international tensions that can lead to local polarization between population groups, also called glocalization. The threat of terrorism in the past twenty years also arises directly from armed conflicts abroad and bring new dilemmas, such as the return of extremist Syria fighters. A phenomenon such as cybercrime is also international in nature. In addition, local crime often has international aspects.
Against this background, we see that military personnel have frequently been deployed in international peace operations over the past decades. As a result, the armed forces themselves have changed because soldiers have had to develop additional skills aimed at performing safety tasks in a civilian environment, in cooperation with civilians and civil organizations ('constabularisation').
Moreover, due to these changing tasks, the armed forces now have more technical tools at their disposal that are also useful in the investigation of common crimes. It is not uncommon nowadays that military personnel perform tasks that are strongly reminiscent of the work of investigative services: securing evidence for an (international) criminal case, intercepting drug parties or, for example, assisting a police investigation team in the Netherlands with a special search team.
Defense aid to the police and judiciary is not only provided by the investigating officers of the Royal Netherlands Marechaussee, but also by military personnel from 'green' army units. This is done within the framework of so-called 'national operations'. This military assistance is not undisputed and sometimes produces friction between the armed forces and the police organization.
Furthermore, we will see in this issue that the boundaries between the police and the armed forces have always been fluid in practice, in spite of official assumptions. It is obvious that the Royal Netherlands Marechaussee, a police organization with a military status, plays a special role in this. Until certainly the Second World War, the Marechaussee provided the basic police task in large parts of the Netherlands. This hybrid organization operates in the border area of the armed forces and police forces. This also applies to the special units that are responsible in the Netherlands for combating terror and arresting dangerous suspects.