Individual Track Guidance on paper and in practice : a study of the programme theory and implementation of Hard-Core ITG and CRIEM-ITG
- Bijl, B., Beenker, L.G.M., Baardwijk, Y. van
- WODC, PI Research
- Place of publication:
- PI Research
- Year of publication:
Individual Track Guidance (ITG) (referred to in the Netherlands as Individuele Traject Begeleiding or ITB is an intensive form of (juvenile) probation, often imposed as an alternative to detention or part thereof. The aim of ITG is to prevent recidivism by furthering social integration and improving youth’s personal skills. There are two variations of ITG: Hard-core ITG and CRIEM1-ITG. Hard-core ITG entails intensive guidance of adolescents (12- to 17-year-olds) and young adults between the ages of 18 and 24. CRIEM-ITG is aimed at youth from non-Western backgrounds who are apprehended for a first offence or have committed a number of minor offences.