Beyond just save

Beyond just save

Study on tasks, working conditions and cooperation with the police of the “Boa” enforcement officers (full text only available in Dutch)


In addition to the police (general investigating officers), auxiliary enforcement officers (special investigative officers; in Dutch: Buitengewoon opsporingsambtenaren – Boa’s) are also deployed for supervision and enforcement tasks, as well as for the detection of (certain) criminal offenses. These enforcement officers hold limited police powers and play an increasingly important role: in recent decades there has been a shift in which safety in public spaces is no longer the exclusive domain of the police. Municipalities are increasingly using municipal Boas for supervision and enforcement and with more tasks. The Boa also plays an important role in other areas. In nature reserves and public transport, for example, we see the use of Boas for supervision and enforcement. It now concerns more than 24,000 Boas who are active in six different domains. This development is not unique to the Netherlands and is visible throughout Europe.

The research question is as follows:

  • What are the tasks and the deployment of the Boas in practice, how does the cooperation with the police and other parties proceed (definition and division of tasks) and what are the working conditions of the Boas (especially with regard to safety) during their task performance?
  • To what extent does the current application of the quality of life criterion and the implementation criterion hinder effective supervision and enforcement?

Publication data

Abraham, M., Soomereren, P. van
DSP-group, WODC
Place of publication:
Year of publication:

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