Research into the functioning of the Act Combatting Forced Marriages in Practice
(full text only available in Dutch)
- Rutten, S., Smits van Waesberghe, E., Blauwhoff, R., Eijk, E. van, Kruiniger, P., Reches, L., Ramakers, E., Rook, I.
- Maastricht University - Faculty of Law, Verwey-Jonker institute, WODC
- Place of publication:
- Maastricht University - Faculty of Law
- Year of publication:
On 5 December 2015 the Act Combatting Forced Marriages (referred to hereafter as: the Act), entered into force in the Netherlands. From June 2019 until November 2019 Maastricht University and the Verwey-Jonker Institute carried out research to investigate how this Act works in practice. The Act aims, on the one hand, to further reduce the number of forced marriages that are celebrated in the Netherlands and, on the other, to limit the recognition of foreign marriages in the Netherlands to those marriages which reflect generally accepted forms of marriage in the Netherlands. Accordingly, the Act has produced a number of changes in Dutch marriage law and in the regulation of the recognition of foreign marriages. Dutch marriage law has been amended to ensure that aspirant spouses must have attained the age of eighteen and stricter requirements have been applied to marriages between blood relatives in the collateral line in the third and fourth degree. Furthermore, mechanisms to combat forced marriages, child marriages and polygamous marriages have been extended.
Two categories of research questions were distinguished: (quantitative) research questions regarding the numbers and characteristics of marriages falling within the scope of the Act and (qualitative) research questions regarding the use and application of the Act. The latter category involved the application of the Act by those persons charged with enforcing the Act (i.e. judges, civil status registrars and officials of the Immigration and Naturalisation Service (IND)), as well as the use of the Act, alongside factors which influence its use by the target groups.
- Universiteit Maastricht, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid