Organized Crime and Integrity Violations within Law Enforcement Organizations

Migration and integration / Customs

Organized Crime and Integrity Violations within Law Enforcement Organizations

(full text only available in Dutch)


This report provides an account of a research into serious integrity violations within four law enforcement organisations – the Police, Customs, Royal Netherlands Marechaussee (KMar) and the Fiscal Information and Investigation Service (FIOD) – that could be linked to organised crime. For the purposes of this report, the definition of ‘organised crime’ is in line with the one suggested by the Fijnaut research group (1996): ‘Organised crime occurs when groups whose primary focus is on illegal gains systematically commit crimes with serious consequences for society and are relatively effective at covering up these offences.’ In terms of serious integrity violations, in addition to bribery, the research expressly looked at violations of professional secrecy (leaking information), undesirable contacts (in the family environment, circle of acquaintances, etc.), undesirable side activities and facilitating the activities of organised crime (doing favours for criminal networks).

The aim of the research was to identify and describe the nature, extent and seriousness of integrity violations within the law enforcement organisations named above in relation to organised crime. The research also considered how law enforcement agencies had tried to guard against such violations and strengthen the resilience of their employees.

Publication data

Nelen, H., Kolthoff, E., Brepoels, M. (ass.), Dooren, S. van (ass.), Halderen, R.C. van (ass.), Smulders, I. (ass.), Winter, M. de (ass.)
Maastricht University - Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, Open Universiteit - Faculteit C&R, Avans Hogeschool - Expertisecentrum Veiligheid, WODC
Place of publication:
The Hague
Boom criminologie
Year of publication:

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