Dutch penal protection orders and victim safety

Sanctions and measures / European protection order

Dutch penal protection orders and victim safety

(full text only available in Dutch)


Victims of (violent) crimes have a substantial need for protection, especially when they are involved in a personal relationship with the offender. One of the measures aimed at this protection that has been stipulated in the Dutch criminal justice policy with regard to victims’ rights is the so-called protection order. This type of order, also commonly referred to as a restraining order, prohibits a person from entering a certain area or multiple areas, or from communicating with the victim, or both. The order encompasses behavioral rules that can be imposed within criminal, civil and administrative proceedings, and aims to protect a person against any "criminal act that may endanger his or her life, physical and psychological integrity, freedom, or sexual integrity" (based on Directive 2011/99/EU).
This research aims to answer the following main research question: "How are Dutch penal orders enforced and complied with, and to what extent and under which conditions is it expected that these orders contribute to victim protection?"

Publication data

Fischer, T., Cleven, I., Struijk, S., Roggeveen, W. (ass.)
Erasmus University Rotterdam - Erasmus School of Law , WODC
Place of publication:
Erasmus University Rotterdam - School of Law
Year of publication:

Order information

Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam - School of Law
010 4081547
010 5432911