A matter of time?

Criminology and victimology / Delinquent behaviour

A matter of time?

Integration of refugees in the Netherlands: a cohort study (full text only available in Dutch)


What is the current status of the structural and socio-cultural integration of refu- gees who settled in the Netherlands in the second half of the 1990s? This is the main question underlying the current study, in which four areas of integration are investigated: education, labour market participation, social contacts and registered criminality. The research population consists of refugees who arrived in the Nether-lands between 1995 and 1999 as well as their family members – who followed them at the very latest, one year later – and who were still living in the Netherlands in 2012, that is, roughly fifteen years after the initial migration. For each area of integration, to the extent the data allowed, the following research questions were addressed: what is the status of refugees and their family members in terms of their integration in different domains? How did their integration develop since they settled in the Netherlands? And which factors stimulated, or on the contrary, hinder-ed integration? Where possible, the position of refugees is compared to that of other migrants or that of the native population.

See also link: WRR-policy brief "No time to lose - from reception to integration of asylum migrants" (2015).

Publication data

Maliepaard, M. (ed.), Witkamp, B. (ed.), Jennissen, R. (ed.)
Place of publication:
The Hague
Year of publication:
Cahiers 2017-03

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