Organised crime in the Netherlands: offenders, interconnectedness and criminal investigation
Report in the context of the fifth round of the Dutch Organised Crime Monitor (full text only available in Dutch)
- Kruisbergen, E.W., Roks, R.A., Kleemans, E.R., Kouwenberg, R.F. (ass.), Knol, D. (ass.), Nabi, S.S. (ass.), Fiorito, T. (ass.), Leukfeldt, E.R. (ass.), Ruitenburg, T. van (ass.)
- WODC, Erasmus University Rotterdam - Erasmus School of Law, VU Amsterdam
- Place of publication:
- The Hague
- Year of publication:
- Cahiers 2019-17
This report is the result of the most recent, fifth data sweep of the Monitor (pre-vious reports: Kleemans et al., 1998, 2002; Van de Bunt and Kleemans, 2007; Kruisbergen et al., 2012).
To enable us to explore specific themes in more depth, we have chosen to write three separate sub reports. The first sub report was published in October 2017 and focused on the judicial processes regarding organised crime cases, in particular the punishments requested and imposed (Van Wingerde and Van de Bunt, 2017). The second sub report was published in 2018 and related to the use of ICT (information and communication technology) by organised crime offenders (Kruisbergen et al., 2018). The third sub report focuses on the offenders themselves. It explores the following topics: the criminal careers of organised crime offenders, how the interconnectedness with their environment enables them to protect their criminal activities, and investigative action towards offenders. Organised crime can only have a harmful impact if offenders manage to defy law enforcement activities. This may take the form of offenders avoiding the attention of the criminal investigative services for long periods of time, but it might also involve offenders who, despite previous prison sentences, for example, continue to pursue their criminal activities. Moreover, the fact that offenders are facilitated by, or at least not significantly hindered by, their environment, plays an important role in the ability of offenders to defy law enforcement activities.
- Voor een electronische versie - zie: bijlagen (rechtsboven) (only available as pdf)